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Determining whether or not you have sensitive skin can be a pain in the behind. One person may experience mild irritation while another could break out in hives or blisters.
Sensitive skin generally falls into four categories:
- Acne forms when clogged pores become infected.
- Rosacea is askin condition resulting in redness, blisters and thickened skin on the face, nose or eyes.
- Burning or stinging reactions on the surface of skin result from contact with skin care ingredients like lactic acid, benzoic acid, azaelic acid, alpha hydroxy acids, glycolic acid and vitamin C.
- Allergic reactions: (also known as contact dermatitis) result in rashes or hives across the surface of skin.
1. The environment
Identifying the triggers of sensitive skin using this simple guide:
2. Skin care ingredients
- Weather. When humidity drops in the winter, skin loses its natural moisture barrier, leading to increased skin thickening and inflammation, especially in damaged skin.
- Household cleaners. Many everyday household detergents and cleansers contain ingredients, such as fragrances and preservatives, which trigger reactions in sensitive skin.
- Lifestyle. Frequent, hot showers can strip the skin of its outer layer of protective oils, leaving it vulnerable to external irritants or infections.
- Ingredients to avoid. Fragrances and preservatives in cosmetics also cause irritation or allergic reactions. Always look for products that are labeled “fragrance free.”
- Ingredients to embrace. Ingredients such as oatmeal, zinc, chamomile and aloe vera calm and soothe inflamed skin
3. Daily diet
Common foods in your daily diet may affect sensitive skin. Certain processed foods, such as white flour and sugar, can increase inflammation, and reducing these foods in your diet can bring relief.
Dietary supplements benefit specific skin disorders as well:
- Fish oil improves symptoms of eczema, and in some studies, psoriasis
- Zinc can reduce the appearance of acne
Both of these supplements do have some risks if taken in excess or in combination with other medications, so be cautious.
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An awful lot of women—on TV, on the street, in the next office—are suddenly looking remarkably smooth-cheeked, uncannily fresh-faced, suspiciously rested. How did everyone (including certain people whom we know graduated six years ahead of us) get so young? The answer is that somewhere between throwing a few AHAs into your skincare routine and going for a total surgical overhaul, there's been an explosion of not-quite-drastic treatments aimed at keeping the bloom on. But not so fast: All of them come with some sort of price—in pain, in scabs and bruises, and, of course, in dollars. Plus, the results won't last forever (none of these procedures have the power to stop time), so in a few months or years you'll be right back where you started. Are these procedures worth it? That's your call. We're just here to present the facts.
One anti-aging avenue to explore is topical treatments. To prevent the formation of lines and discoloration—and to minimize the ones you already have—look for lotions, creams, and serums that contain one or a combination of these ingredients:
Sunscreen (chemical blockers like avobenzone and the recently FDA-approved Mexoryl, and physical blockers such as zinc oxide and titanium dioxide), to absorb the UVA and UVB rays that break down collagen and alter the skin's pigmentation. Since unprotected sun exposure is the leading cause of skin aging (not to mention skin cancer), use a moisturizer that has at least an SPF of 15 (as far as we know, there is no product referred to as a "sunscreen with moisturizer") every single morning.
Antioxidants (vitamins C and E, green tea, coenzyme Q10), to stave off the free-radical damage that makes the skin more susceptible to wrinkles.
Alpha and beta hydroxy acids (glycolic, lactic, citric, and salicylic), to lift away dead cells on the surface of the skin, revealing fresher, smoother skin underneath.
Peptides , to help stimulate some collagen production. Evidence of their collagen-building power is limited, but at the very least they offer extra hydration.
Tretinoin , a vitamin A derivative that's the gold standard in collagen production. The retinoids (Retin-A, Avage, Renova, Differin, and Tazorac) are prescription only; retinol is the less-potent over-the-counter version. For patients with severe sun damage, doctors often prescribe Tri-Luma, a combination of tretinoin, hydroquinone (a bleaching agent), and a corticosteriod.
Pain-o-meter (where 1 is the lightest pinprick and 5 is agony): 0. Products that contain alpha and beta hydroxy acids may sting for a couple of seconds on application; the retinoids can leave skin flaky for the first few weeks of use, but cause no discomfort.
Average cost: Anywhere from $5 for a basic sunscreen to $500 for a luxury-brand night cream.
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You've consistently honored Ask Val with your most pressing beauty questions, from the straightforward (do I really need an SPF if I'm inside all day?) to the strange (though my skin is dry, my eyelids are oily—what's up with that?). Here are some of our favorite skincare dilemmas along with their bottom-line solutions.
Q: Which do I put on my face first, sunscreen of moisturizer?
A: What you apply first depends on the kind of sunscreen you use. A physical block (containing titanium dioxide or zinc oxide) can be applied over your moisturizer. But a chemical sunscreen (avobenzone or oxybenzone), which works by interacting with your skin to absorb the sun's rays, must penetrate whatever is already on your face in order to be effective, says Heidi Waldorf, MD, associate clinical professor of dermatology at Mount Sinai School of Medicine. So it's smart to apply this type before anything else. Keep in mind:
In summer, unless your skin is very dry, you can probably use just one product: a moisturizing sunscreen. I like PCA Skin Protecting Hydrator SPF 30 ( $34, pcaskin.com for stores
) and Yes to Cucumbers Soothing Daily Calming Moisturizer with SPF 30 ($15, yestocarrots.com
) Keep reading: What's the best moisturizer for you? Q. How can I get rid of the deep vertical lines on my upper lip?
A: Those lines are really the only thing I don't like on my face. (Unless you count the spaghetti sauce I discovered on my chin after dinner the other night. I didn't much like that, either.) A three-step approach works well to eliminate the lines, says Deborah Sarnoff, MD, clinical professor of dermatology at New York University Medical Center. Injections of a filler like Juvéderm or Restylane can fill them in. A very small amount of Botox, injected into the sides of the mouth, can prevent the kind of puckering that helps to cause them. Finally, one treatment with a fractional CO2
laser can get rid of them for more than ten years (with three days to a week of redness and swelling and a cost of $1,500 to $4,500). Keep in mind:
If you choose to go this three-pronged route, it's critical that you see a board-certified dermatologist or plastic surgeon experienced in the treatments (too much filler can look unnatural—as I'm sure you've observed—and too much Botox around the mouth can affect your shpeesh). Keep reading: What are your skin treatment options?
This article is part of Oprah.com's 2011 Feel Good Challenge. Join now—and move closer to the life you want! Q: How can I figure out my skin type?
A: It's easy. Wash your face with a cleanser designed for normal skin; rinse well, and pat dry with a soft towel. Now pick up a copy of Alan Bennett's The Uncommon Reader
. It's a short, funny book, and if you're undistracted you can probably finish it in about an hour—exactly when your skin will be ready to evaluate. How does it feel? If it's tight, ashy or flaky, your complexion is dry, says Susan Taylor, MD, assistant clinical professor of dermatology at Columbia University. If you're oily only across the forehead, down the nose and on the chin, you've got combination skin; and if you need to blot your whole face with a tissue, you're oily. If your face feels irritated or slightly itchy, you likely have sensitive skin. Bottom line:
Once you've established your skin type, repeat the test four times a year, because your skin probably changes seasonally. Keep reading: Top 10 skin myths—a dermatologist tells all Q: Why isn't there a way to get rid of acne immediately and permanently?
A: Hear, hear! We've pretty much figured out how to dissolve fat, prevent wrinkles, shoot people into space (and even bring them back); how hard can it be to get rid of acne? Actually, harder than you'd think, because acne results from a complicated process involving a plugged pore, oil, bacteria and inflammation, and it's also influenced by genetics and hormones, says Katie Rodan, MD, clinical associate professor emeritus of dermatology at Stanford University School of Medicine. A shot of cortisone directly into a pimple reduces inflammation in a day or two, and the oral prescription medicine isotretinoin can give long-lasting results with cystic or severe acne, but the best way to prevent
acne is by using a combination of ingredients that address each step in the breakout process, including salicylic acid to disrupt the plug, benzoyl peroxide for protection from bacteria and sulfur for its anti-inflammatory effect. Recent research shows that milk and milk products may aggravate acne, so it might be wise to avoid them. Bottom line:
You can treat the superficial causes topically, but because acne involves genetics, the only permanent solution will involve gene therapy—and we're not there yet. Keep reading: Val's adult acne cures Q: Do more-expensive skincare products have some kind of "professional strength"?
A: Price alone has nothing to do with the strength and effectiveness of skincare products, says Cheryl Burgess, MD, medical director at the Center for Dermatology and Dermatologic Surgery in Washington, D.C. A drugstore mask or moisturizer can have the same concentrations of active ingredients as one from a department store or spa. But there is
a correlation between the strength of a product and whether it's prescription or over-the-counter, says Burgess. A prescription product will likely contain a higher concentration of active ingredients than an OTC formula. Bottom line:
The price and strength of a product do not necessarily correlate. Keep reading: The facts about cosmetic procedures Q. I'm 26. When should I start using anti-aging products?
A: The day before yesterday (and I wish I'd followed my own advice). Leslie Baumann, MD, director of the Baumann Cosmetic and Research Institute in Miami Beach and author of The Skin Type Solution
, says she tells patients as young as 18 to use ingredients that have been shown to slow the effects of aging. When it comes to wrinkles, prevention is key, so it's important to conserve collagen, hyaluronic acid and elastin, all of which keep skin looking plump and firm. Retinoids and antioxidants help preserve all three. For nighttime, Baumann suggests using a prescription retinoid product like Retin-A, Tazorac, Differin or Renova—in conjunction with a daily moisturizer containing antioxidants like idebenone, coenzyme Q10, lycopene, vitamin C, vitamin E and ferulic acid. She points out that the best anti-aging product is sunscreen, used every day, even indoors (where UVA rays can work their bad chemistry through windows). Bottom line:
If you're old enough to ask the question, you're old enough to be using anti-aging products.
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These are lotions, creams, and serums containing antioxidants (vitamins C and E, coenzyme Q10, alpha lipoic acid, and retinol, a form of vitamin A), peptides (copper and growth factors), and alpha and beta hydroxy acids (glycolic, lactic, and salicylic). How they work:
Antioxidants operate preventively by destroying rogue molecules that break down collagen and make skin more susceptible to wrinkles. Peptides and retinol have been shown to stimulate collagen production. Hydroxy acids exfoliate the top layer of skin, smoothing texture. But don't expect miracles, says Patricia K. Farris, MD, clinical assistant professor of dermatology at Tulane University. She's seen modest improvement with some peptide formulas (specifically the Neutrogena Visibly Firm copper line and the Olay Regenerist line) and retinol creams (like Roc Retinol Correxion). Antioxidants are difficult to stabilize and deliver; Farris suggests asking your dermatologist which products work best. On the horizon:
Topical genistein, a plant hormone found mainly in soybeans, has been shown to protect the skin from the photodamage that causes wrinkles and skin cancer. Products containing this potent antioxidant are expected to be on the market within the next six months, says Neil Sadick, MD, clinical associate professor of dermatology at the Weill Medical College of Cornell University.
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What they are: Doctor- or aesthetician-administered treatments that use either a chemical (hydroxy acids or trichloroacetic acid) or mechanical process (microdermabrasion) to lift away the upper layers of the skin.
How they work: For a chemical peel, an acid solution is painted on the face like a mask. The higher the concentration (or the longer it is left on), the more layers of skin that will be peeled away. Microdermabrasion uses aluminum oxide crystals to buff away dead skin cells. "Many women need more exfoliation around the nose, mid-forehead, and chin, and with mechanical exfoliation, it's easier to focus on those areas," says Heidi Waldorf, MD, associate clinical professor of dermatology at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine. Some doctors are praising a newer system called Vibraderm, which uses vibrating metal paddles to exfoliate the skin. Eliot F. Battle Jr., MD, assistant clinical professor of dermatology at Howard University, prefers it for his African-American patients because the paddles are gentler than crystals—important for dark skin, which is vulnerable to spots when it becomes irritated or traumatized. More and more microdermabrasion techniques are also marrying exfoliation with topical treatments. The Vibraderm treatment can be followed up with a solution of antioxidants, glycolic acid, collagen, or bleaching agents. The SilkPeel or DermaSweep machines remove dead cells while delivering either hydroquinone to lighten dark spots, salicylic acid to heal acne, or hyaluronic acid to hydrate dry patches.
Results: One light chemical peel or microdermabrasion treatment will leave the skin temporarily brighter; a series of at least four is necessary to get results that can last several months, like a smoothing of rough patches and more even pigmentation.
Medium or deep chemical peels should be done only in a doctor's office. Because these peels reach all the way to the dermis, collagen production is stimulated with one treatment. Fine lines are effaced, and skin may even be slightly tighter.
medical: As a reminder, always consult your doctor for medical advice and treatment before starting any program.
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September 2009’s Featured Article:
Ecofriendly ingredients can spice up your treatments at very little expense
by Maria Comfort
Take a peek in your refrigerator and evaluate its contents. Chances are, you have a variety of healthy foods that can be incorporated into the skin care services that you offer your clients. Now is the perfect time to rediscover the multi-purpose benefits of common everyday foods that have great potential to nourish our bodies and our skin.
You may have noticed that your clients are more ecoconscious than ever before and are expressing interest in incorporating natural options into their beauty routine. Position your spa and the treatments you offer as ecofriendly by adding natural ingredients found in your kitchen, at your local grocery store or the farmer’s market. Fruits, vegetables, dairy products and natural oils and fats have been used in skin care, hygiene and anti-aging for thousands of years, dating back to the Egyptians. Educate your clients about how you are using these familiar ingredients in their treatments and maybe even share a few remedies they can try at home in between appointments.
Before you decide to empty the contents of your kitchen, pack a bag (make sure it is not plastic) and we will take you on a tour through your local market while highlighting all the best skin care recipes for various skin types.
Renowned for its antibacterial properties, honey is considered to be one of the best natural acne fighting ingredients.
Since normal/combination skin types generally do not have specific problems to address, anti-aging treatments and gentle exfoliation to increase circulation work best.
• Strawberries can be used to condition and tone any skin type. They help lighten pigmentation problems and keep skin smooth and supple.
Tip: Mash strawberries and use as an astringent or face cleansing mask.
• Cocoa. The antioxidant powers of the distinctive bean promote healthy skin. Research shows that when cocoa is applied topically it helps to reduce skin irritation and combat cellular damage.
Tip: For a soothing mask, mix cocoa powder with a little water or buttermilk—an excellent source of lactic acid that stimulates the cocoa’s antioxidant function and softens skin.
Oily and acne prone skin is frequently irritated by harsh cleansers, acids and anti-acne products. Give your client’s skin a break with gentle remedies that treat acne and keep oil at bay.
• Carrots. The carrot is probably best known for containing vitamin A, which has proved to be as effective in dealing with acne as some compounds such as retinoids.
Tip: Carrots make an excellent skin mask for acne and blemishes.
Apply raw, grated carrots to the face. Add lemon juice if you like. To make a cooked carrot mask, boil three large carrots and mash them or blend in a food processor. Add five tablespoons of honey or yogurt (optional). Apply gently, in an upward motion. Leave on for 15 to 20 minutes. Rinse with warm water.
• Honey. Renowned for its antibacterial properties, honey is considered to be one of the best natural acne fighting ingredients. Why? Because honey actually kills the bacteria that cause acne.
Tip 1: Massage a small amount of slightly heated honey into the skin.
Tip 2: Dab honey on individual pimples to help clear up blemishes.
• Egg whites. Although egg whites alone have no real long-term benefits, they are great for shrinking pores and treating blackheads and whiteheads.
Tip: Egg whites are best applied with a flat brush on clean skin. After the mask has dried, your client will look like a prune—but this lets you know that it is working. The mask can be quickly removed with a wet washcloth.
Sun damage is usually the culprit behind dry and cracked skin. Other factors include diet, environment and insufficient water intake. (Note that acne is usually the result of dry skin.) Create a facial that not only moisturizes, but helps the skin retain the treatment’s benefits.
• Avocados. Packed with monounsaturated fats and vitamins B and E, avocados are excellent for moisturizing and rejuvenating dry skin. They are also rich in vitamin C, which can stimulate collagen and reduce visible signs of aging.
Tip: Mash one tablespoon of ripe avocado, add half a teaspoon of honey and mix. Stir in a small amount of almond meal until creamy. Apply to clean skin, leave on for 15 to 20 minutes and wash off with lukewarm water. Finish with a rinse of vinegar pH balancer.
• Bananas. High in potassium and possessing the same benefits as the avocado, the banana is often a preferred treatment for dry skin. The long lasting moisturizing effects give the skin a healthy glow. The treatment can also be penetrated into the skin with the use of galvanic or ultra-sound machines.
Tip: Mash the banana and add two teaspoons of yogurt. Mix until creamy and apply immediately to the skin. Leave on for 10 to 15 minutes. Remove with a spatula and then rinse.
Olive oil can be used on the face daily. With continued use, olive oil can also reduce hyperpigmentation.
For all skin types
• Olive oil. The Egyptians, Greeks, Phoenicians and Romans all took full advantage of the benefits of topical oil application. Today, when we observe the beautiful skin of MedÂiterranean women, many identify olive oil as the main ingredient behind their complexion. Sofia Loren is an olive oil devotee, having used it as part of her skin care regimen for most of her life.
Olive oil comes in several grades—extra virgin is the least processed. The cell size of olive oil is smaller than the blood cell, and extra-virgin olive oil has all of the antioxidants the body needs in direct proportion to the body’s requirements.
Tip: Olive oil can be used on the face daily. With continued use, olive oil can also reduce hyperÂpigmentation.
• Green tea. The plentiful antioxidants in green tea help fight free radical damage. When applied topically, tea reduces the appearance of lines and wrinkles and can even help prevent skin cancer and signs of aging resulting from sun damage.
Tip: Brew strong tea (one or two tea bags for each cup of water), let cool and apply to the client’s face after cleansing.
• Salt and sugar. When used as natural exfoliating particles, sugar and salt help loosen lifeless epidermal cells that need to be physically removed. The glycolic acid in sugar and its rough texture makes it ideal for exfoliation to give skin a healthy glow.
Tip: For a cost effective scrub, mix a teaspoon of sugar or salt with any cleanser and apply in small, circular motions.
For a cost effective scrub mix a teaspoon of sugar or salt with any cleanser and apply in small, circular motions.
Super foods for the skin
It is true that we are what we eat. While the topical application of fruits, veggies and natural oils will help improve the skin’s appearance, ingesting these same foods is important as well. Remind your clients that a great complexion can be achieved from a healthy diet and taking the right supplements and vitamins. It is also important to drink enough water to keep the skin hydrated. Doctors recommend consuming at least 10 to 12 glasses of water each day to avoid dehydration—which affects cellular metabolism—and to help flush out the toxins in the body, which results in clear skin.
Using these kitchen remedies in your treatments helps you stand out as an innovative and eco-friendly professional in your field.
Experts recommend a diet high in fiber and low in fat. Countless scientific studies have shown that antioxidants and foods rich in omega 3 fatty acids help clear skin and slow the aging process. Antioxidants decrease cell destruction by neutralizing free radicals that can cause damage, and omega 3 fatty acids help reduce skin inflammation and improve circulation. Some super foods that are widely touted for their benefits to the skin include salmon, sardines, nuts, seeds (pumpkin and sunflower), flaxseed and olive oils, blueberries, pomegranate, broccoli, oats, spinach, dark chocolate, wheatgrass, red wine, green or black tea and tomatoes.
Using these kitchen remedies in your treatments helps you stand out as an innovative and ecofriendly professional in your field. Consumers are overwhelmed with the saturated skin care industry and therefore welcome a fresh and natural change. Using these ingredients is good for the skin, better for the environment and easy to add to your existing treatments. Not only can you save money by using low-cost ingredients (when bought in season), but your clients can learn at home treatments to enjoy between appointments to save both money and their skin! They will likely be back and may even send a few referrals your way!
Note: Always remember to ask clients about any food allergies that they may have prior to treatment application.
Maria Comfort is a licensed celebrity esthetician and owner of Touch Total Look, Face & Body Spa in Woodland Hills, CA. She is also an educator for Bella Spa & Salon Distributors, the spa division of Ultimate Beauty Companies, whose efforts are focused entirely on servicing, educating and growing the business of spa industry professionals. Visit www.BellaSSD.com.
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O2 Intraceuticals Clarity Infusion
The O2 Intraceuticals Clarity infusion will make your skin look and feel clarified and calm. Acne is diminished and pore aggravating bacteria is minimised while oil free hydrators ensure moisture balance is maintained to help prevent future breakouts. The Clarity infusion effectively treats the four causes of acne.
How The Clarity Infusion Works
An Intraceuticals Clarity Infusion® harnesses three elements to achieve instant and dramatic results:
1) Oxygen under hyperbaric pressure aids delivery of age defying actives to the deeper layers of the skin at the same time as cooling and calming the skin.
2) Unique Clarity Serum contains lightweight Hyaluronic Acid and a powerful combination of vitamins and antioxidants. The Hyaluronic Acid helps to instantly hydrate the skin resulting in increased firmness, reduced fine lines and improves facial contours. Phytosphingosine and anti-bacterial actives soothe, calm and balance to dramatically refine the skin.
The key ingredients in the Clarity serum are: Phytosphingosine, Selenium, Thyme, Allantoin, Alpha Lipoic Acid, Bisabolol and Zinigiber (Ginger) Root Extract, Vitamin C, Vitamin A, Salicylic Acid, Low Molecular Weight Hyaluronic Acid.
3) Treatment Support Products provide essential layers to seal in and supplement skin nutrients for maximum synergistic effect and longer lasting results.
Hyaluronic Acid Layering
Hyaluronic Acid is an ingredient found naturally in the skin. The lightweight version of Hyaluronic Acid in the Clarity Serum is absorbed quickly by the skin for maximum dispersion of nutrients. Follow with Clarity Treatment Gel with multi-weight Hyaluronic Acid that offers a reservoir of nutrients for the lower levels of the skin. The ultimate in intense hydration is now achieved and we call this Hyaluronic Layering.
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Cosmetic Ingredients that Cause Acne
The correlation between using cosmetic products and acne breakouts has been discussed for a long time. Unfortunately, in the end it has been proven that a link does indeed exist. The truth is that make-up products can not only exacerbate acne as it was previously thought but can also cause acne breakouts even in those who were not predisposed to acne breakouts. After these staggering facts were discovered the term ''acne cosmetica '' appeared.
A series of statistic studies were made in an attempt to determine number of people that are susceptible to develop cosmetic acne. It was determined that up to 30 percent of those who use cosmetics are likely to develop cosmetic acne.
It turns out certain ingredients have an irritating effect on the skin and are more likely to cause acne breakouts. This category of ingredients have been generically called comedogenics. Since then manufacturers and retailers all alike have started to advertise a wide variety of products as being non-comedogenic.
While this is certainly a clever marketing technique designed to boost sales, the concern that the consumers have when it comes to determining whether a certain product will exacerbate acne breakouts remains intact.
It can be hard to imagine that the very products that are designed to make us look and feel more beautiful could actually have a dual effect and contribute to our beauty problems. However, at times this is exactly the case with make-up as well as other cosmetic products. Learn how to avoid acne breakouts by making smarter choices when it comes to the products you use.
However, this concern should not stop consumers from using makeup products because with a few clever strategies everyone can learn to choose the that will not have a negative impact on their skin. Here are a few strategies you can use to make better choices when it comes to cosmetics:
A major culprit for acne breakouts caused by cosmetic are the oils that are found on the ingredient list. While not all oils are comedogenic, staying away from oil based products will greatly reduce the chances of developing cosmetic acne.
Water based products products can be a major improvement that can prevent a lot frustrating skin care problems, however in order to make sure that the chances of developing acne are minimum you should also stay clear of a few cosmetic ingredients that might worsen your problem.
Lanolin is a common ingredient in various cosmetics due to its moisturizing properties. Lanolin is essentially sheep skin oil extracted from wool. The fatty acids contained in lanolin derivatives can aggravate the problems in individuals who have a genetic predisposition to acne.
Fragrance is another thing that should be avoided by those who have an acne prone skin. Many synthetic fragrances have an irritating effect on the skin. Since in the majority of makeup products the smell is not an essential component it's best to choose fragrance-free or hypoallergenic products.
On the other hand, not all synthetic fragrances cause this type of reactions and not everyone is sensitive to the same chemicals. An exact determination of the fragrances an individual is sensitive to can be quite difficult to make despite the fact that certain studies seem to conclude that sweet smells are the worst offenders.
Pigments might be another cause of concern especially if you use a lot of red tinted lipstick or blushes. Certain red tints are obtained from coal tar derivatives, a factor that contributes to the acne problems. While establishing whether a certain red shade has been derived from coal tar is almost impossible for the average consumer, choosing cosmetics that have carmine on the ingredient list as this is considered a safe pigment.
The only method to determine whether a certain cosmetic product is causing problems or not is by using only one new product at a time. In this way not only you will be able to evaluate the efficiency of the of the product more accurately but you will also have a pretty clear idea of what are the chemicals your skin is most reactive to and you will do a far better job selecting the right products for you, if you are armed with all the right knowledge.
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It is most commonly seen in those who have fair skin and is sometimes referred to as the Curse of the Celtic
Onset usually occurs between 20-40 years of age.
Rosacea is a long lasting, non-scarring skin condition of the face that is often misdiagnosed as adult acne. It varies in severity and does not always worsen with time. Typically, you will experience inappropriate flushing that is not usually associated with sweating and/or persistent facial redness. It is common to have broken blood vessels (telangiectasias) on your cheeks. You may also experience bouts of inflammation that cause red papules (small bumps) or pustules. However, comedones (blackheads and whiteheads) are not part of rosacea.
About 50% of those with rosacea suffer eye involvement, including such conditions as conjunctivitis, blepharitis, dry gritty eyes, and recurrent sties. Nose enlargement (rhinophyma) is uncommon and is mostly seen in men.
Do I Have Rosacea?
If you check of one or more of the following symptoms, you may have rosacea
- My face has a burning and/or stinging sensation
- When I blush, it develops into persistent redness
- I have what looks like pimples on my face
- I have 'blood vessel lines' showing on my face
- My eyes feel gritty and uncomfortable.
- My skin feels likes it has thickened, particularly on my nose (rhinophyma)
The major goals of rosacea treatment are to:
- Understand the condition
- Identify and avoid the factors that cause flushing for you and that flare your rosacea
- Control the active symptoms and signs of rosacea
- Achieve optimum maintenance of this condition and its complications
- Understand that this is a chronic condition
1) Avoid factors that increase your core body temperature:
2) Daily skin care:
- Exposure to weather - sun, cold, wind
- Hot food, hot drinks, and alcohol
- Exercise (you should exercise in cool surroundings and avoid dehydration)
- Medications (you should avoid vasodilating drugs, that is, drugs that expand your blood vessels, and topical steroids)
- Cosmetics (you should avoid greasy, drying, or perfumed products)
- Avoid hot water, loofahs, and rough towels
- Avoid toners, exfoliating agents, and astringents
- Dandruff & Rosacea frequently coexists with sebhorreic dermatitis or dandruff
4) Patient support groups:
- Anti-redness cream or cosmetic cover-up can be helpful to some patients with rosacea
ALTERNATIVE TREATMENTS FOR ROSACEA
- Investigate patient support groups
Rosacea (or acne rosacea as it is sometimes called) is an inflammatory skin disease that affects approximately 14 million Americans between the age of 30 and 60. Rosacea is not true acne, but rather an inflammation of the face, nose, neck or chest that results in red, bumpy, oily skin.
Rosacea is more common in fair-skinned than dark-skinned people and is more common in women than in men. Because it looks like acne, it can cause substantial psychological, social and occupational problems if it is not treated.
Rosacea generally begins during a person’s thirties or forties. It starts with a mild pink blush that doesn’t go away. There is no cure for rosacea. But if you treat it early, it may never progress any further or might even recede a bit. However, in advanced cases, it can induce permanent thickening and redness, particularly on the nose. Fortunately, there are a number of alternative treatments for rosacea.
Rosacea has specific triggers that differ from person to person. The most common triggers are alcohol, hot liquids, coffee, spicy or fatty foods, extreme temperatures, sun exposure, harsh wind, and stress.
It’s crucial to minimize contact with these triggers, because they make the blood vessels expand. Over time, these vessels become incapable of contracting properly, and they allow too much blood to flow to the affected area. Thus the red and bumpy skin.
Nearly all skin conditions are caused by some kind of digestive trouble, and rosacea is no exception. Many rosacea sufferers possess low levels of stomach acid, which prevent proper digestion. Sluggish bowels and constipation may also have a similar result.
Conventional treatment for rosacea involves antibiotics, which have a minimal effect and which must be taken continuously. Although persons with severe cases that may lead to disfigurement might wish to consider medication, most people will be better off attempting to avoid their personal triggers and improving their digestion.
Researchers have proved that a diet rich in multiple necessary vitamins and minerals, especially vitamin “A”, has benefits for rosacea sufferers.
Always apply a high SPF-factor sun block when exposed to sunlight and wind.
Eat lots of raw foods. In their raw state, vegetables, fruits, nuts, sprouts, and seeds all have enzymes that aid you convert food into the nutrients that are needed for skin and circulatory health.
Green leafy veggies are particularly beneficial for rosacea patients, because they’re a splendid source of trace minerals.
Drink several glasses of fresh vegetable juices a day. If you have rosacea, it’s probable that your digestive system isn’t processing food thoroughly, and juices are a potent way to deliver nutrients straight to your bloodstream.
Make certain your diet includes plenty of fiber.
Have cold-water fish from a clean source several times a week, and eat flaxseeds (1 to 2 tablespoons, with 10 ounces of water) each day.
Some Foods To Avoid
Avoid foods that make you flush.
Steer clear of spicy food, caffeine, and alcohol.
Sugar and iodized salt may also dilate your blood vessels and worsen your condition.
Be careful of food and drinks that are hot in temperature.
Finally, stay away from red meat and fried, greasy foods. This will improve your digestion.
Some adults have what they think is acne, but it may be the less common acne rosacea. Remember, it is similar to look at, but the skin is usually flushed and becomes thickened. Acne rosacea is frequently stress-related and is a potential threat to your vision. So I suggest you get a correct diagnosis.
Please note: This article is for information only and should not be used in lieu of seeing your healthcare practitioner.
The Latest from Blue Water Spa
Our skin is the first thing people notice about us. It is one of the greatest assets we have. In order to have a beautiful, healthy skin, there are some general bad skin habits to quit. Today we will tell you which are the worst skin habits that you need to break as they can completely damage your skin. Women are usually very concerned about how their skin looks because first impressions do matter. A radiant and youthful skin is many times the key to our success. Beautiful skin means confidence and confidence gives you power. If you want to find out which are the worst habits women usually do to their skin, read on and take our advices in order to have a great skin that is worth of envy.
Knowing how important our skin is, you should make some small steps to help your skin become healthier from the inside and outside as well. Expensive beauty treatments are futile if you don’t pay a little attention to your skin. Check out your skin’s greatest enemies that can wreak havoc on your looks. Take some action and try to avoid them!
Smoking is one of the worst things you can do to your health and to your skin’s look as well. Cigarettes are the major cause of the early aging of your skin. If you don’t break this habit, it will seriously damage your skin and you will develop deep wrinkles and spots on your face.
Exfoliation is healthy for your skin. It cleans out your pores and refreshes your face. But using exfoliating scrubs in excess can do more harm than good to your skin. It can actually intensify the oil production thus leading to acne and frequent breakouts. Therefore always follow the instructions on the product packaging.
Not Washing Your Face Before Going to Bed
Neglecting your face and leaving makeup on your face overnight is a horrible habit you should quit. Makeup can clog the pores and lead to frequent breakouts and acne problems. Besides this, makeup can easily get into your eye, leaving you with eye-irritations or serious infections. Skin cell renewal takes place at night, therefore you should clean your face properly to let your skin breathe and aid the renewal process.
Eating Junk Food
A proper diet can do wonders to your skin, providing it with all the minerals and vitamins that are necessary for a healthy skin. Junk food is high in sugars, fats, oils and carbohydrates that are responsible for acne breakouts. Cut your junk food consumption, and in a few weeks you’ll see a significant improvement in your skin.
Of course, popping your pimples is tempting. But when you squeeze a pimple you push and spread the bacteria deep into the follicles, which can easily cause inflammations and infections on your skin. Squeezing the zits can result in the apparition of nasty acne scars as well. If you cannot resist popping your blemishes, before you start, always make sure that you wrap your fingers in a clean tissue. If your have more severe acne problems, pay a visit to a cosmetician to help you solving this problem.
Tanning Too Much
Too much sun exposure can cause the premature aging of the skin, and increases the risk of the apparition of skin cancer. When going out in the sun, always make sure that you use a proper broad-spectrum sunscreen product to protect your skin from the damages of the UVA and UVB rays. Never exaggerate with tanning, because it is your skin that will suffer the consequences.
Staying Up Late
Sleep is essential for having a perfect, healthy skin. It is also the time when your body repairs the cell damages caused during the day so it is very important to get enough sleep every day.
Using Dirty Makeup Brushes
Dirty makeup brushes can do a lot of harm to your skin. If you neglect cleaning them, you can end up with clogged pores and infections and even more acne problems. To avoid this, wash your makeup brushes once or twice in a month with shampoo, rinse them well and let them dry.