LONG ISLAND ACNE EXPERTS, VOLUME 1
Throughout the Spring Blue Water Spa’s blog focus is an educational series on acne. Join us each week for valuable information that can help you, a loved one or a friend.
Millions of Americans suffer with acne of some severity at some point in their lives. It’s stressful, it’s frustrating, but it CAN be managed. Volume 1 in this four-part series is an acne primer.
WHAT IS ACNE?
Acne is a genetic disease causing the malfunction of the sebaceous gland (hair follicle). Open and closed comedones, pustules and cysts characterize it.
WHO GETS ACNE?
Unfortunately, almost everyone experiences some level of acne in life. Men, middle aged women, teens of course, and even babies.
WHAT CAUSES ACNE?
The physiological triggers of acne vary, but these 4 triggers are mainstays.
1. Excess, uncontrolled sebum
2. Excess dead skin cells that clog the follicle faster than they can be shed
3. Excess bacteria
4. Uncontrolled inflammation
Excess iodine, diets extremely high in sugar (which leads to overall systemic inflammation) and lack of key nutrients may trigger acne flares.
5 COMMON ACNE MISCONCEPTIONS - TRUE AND FALSE
1. Acne is caused by poor hygiene. False.
Dirt and surface oils do not cause acne. Vigorous washing and use of products that strip skin will only worsen the condition.
2. Acne is caused by diet. False. (However a high sugar diet will worsen inflammation).
3. Sunlight dries out acne lesions. False.
Too often, exposure to summer sun and frequently chlorine, leads to a temporary drying of lesions. This drying by UV rays and pool chemicals tricks the skin into thinking the epidermis is starved for oil and goes into OVERDRIVE, making more than the surface skin can cope with. The result is more acne breakouts than ever.
4. Acne is caused by stress. True.
Excess androgen production stimulate oil glands, which are thrown into overdrive.
5. Sweat can lead to acne breakouts: True.
Excess perspiration mixes with dead skin cells and excess oil, leading to follicular congestion.
GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF EXTREMELY OILY and ACNE PRONE SKIN
- may feel thick
- larger pores
- may be agitated due to excess sebum production
- prone to constant breakouts
- may be dehydrated due to use of drying topical treatments
Blackhead: tiny, non inflamed, congested follicle whose top is open – because the sebum inside is exposed to air, it oxidizes and turns black.
Whitehead: congested follicle whose top is closed, trapping the excess sebum, bacteria and dead skin cells inside and keeping oxygen out. Sometimes these can be soft, or hard.
Papule/Pustule: The follicle breaks underneath what you see on the surface, spilling the congestion inside and spreading infection, hence the discomfort and redness.
Cyst: A membrane forms around the acne lesion deep in the dermis and traps the infection – topical medication is often not helpful.
Check in next week for Volume 2 of our four-part acne series. . . .
Through the professional application and recommendation of the most powerful combination of products available to you without a prescription, we can help you start over. Bring a family member, refer a friend, or finally take a personal step towards clear skin. 516.584.6800